Q Fever Vaccinations

Singleton Medical Centre and Skin Clinic are registered to administer Q Fever Vaccinations.

Q fever is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetiid and can affect both humans and animals. People usually contract Q fever by inhaling contaminated particles from the urine, faeces, milk, or birthing products of infected animals, particularly cattle, sheep, and goats. It can also be transmitted through consuming unpasteurized milk or dairy products.

Vaccination against Q fever is available in some regions where the disease poses a significant risk. The vaccine used to prevent Q fever is called Q-VAX. It contains inactivated Coxiella burnetii bacteria and helps the immune system develop protection against the infection.

The Q fever vaccine is generally recommended for individuals who are at high risk of exposure to the bacteria, such as:

  1. People working in certain occupations: Farmers, veterinarians, abattoir workers, laboratory workers dealing with Coxiella burnetii, and others in occupations involving contact with animals or their products are at higher risk.
  2. Those living in or visiting areas where Q fever is prevalent.
  3. Individuals with specific medical conditions or weakened immune systems.

The vaccination process usually involves a skin test before vaccination to check for any existing immunity or previous exposure. If the skin test is negative (meaning no previous exposure), the vaccine is administered via injection. A booster dose may be recommended in some cases.

As with any vaccine, there can be potential side effects, although they are usually mild and temporary. Common side effects may include soreness, redness, or swelling at the injection site, fever, muscle pain, and fatigue. Serious side effects are rare.

It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine if vaccination against Q fever is necessary based on individual circumstances, potential exposure risk, and health status. Additionally, practicing good hygiene, proper sanitation, and taking preventive measures while working or being in environments with potential exposure to the bacteria are essential for minimizing the risk of Q fever infection.